Lights and Reflectors

  • White or amber light on the front
  • Red light or reflector on the back
  • White reflective material must be placed on the front forks
  • Red reflective material, no less than 250 mm in length must be placed on the rear stays
  • [H.T.A. 62 (17.)]


  • At least one brake on the rear wheel
  • When applied the braked wheel must be able to skid on dry, level and clean pavement.
  • [H.T.A. 64 (3.)]

Alarm Bell

  • A bell, gong, or horn in good working order
  • Must be used when approaching pedestrians or others
  • [H.T.A. 75 (5.)]


  • *Persons under 18 years of age must wear a helmet
  • Parents or guardians are responsible for the helmet law compliance of persons 16 years of age or under
  • Helmets must be securely fastened under the chin
  • [H.T.A. 104. (2.1), R.R.O. 1990, REGULATION 610 5.]
  • [H.T.A. 104. (2.2)]

See posting about helmet research and brain injuries

bicycle helmet