Ministry of Transportation Rules for Cycling

A bicycle is a vehicle under the Ontario Highway Traffic Act. [H.T.A. 1. (1)]

Cyclists must obey traffic laws and can be fined for breaking them. [“Cycling and The Law”, Ministry of Transportation]

See Safety Items for regulations on helmets.

Cyclists in Brampton must:

  • Ride as near to the right hand side of the road as practicable unless they are:
    1. Passing other vehicles [By-law 93-93, 11. (3)]
    2. Turning left
    3. Travelling in a lane that is too narrow to share
  • Allow faster vehicles to pass [H.T.A. 148]
  • Ride in a straight line at least 1 metre away from parked vehicles
  • In urban areas a cyclist may take the lane if it is too narrow to share safely with motorists [“Riding in Traffic”, Ministry of Transportation]
  • Keep their feet on their pedals
  • Keep both hands on the handlebars, except for the purpose of signalling
  • Not perform tricks [By‑law 93‑93, 11. (1)]
  • Not attach their bicycle or themselves to another vehicle on the road [H.T.A. 178 (1.)]
  • Only carry the number of passengers the bicycle is designed for [H.T.A. 178 (1.)]
  • Park on a road to cause the least possible obstruction to pedestrian or vehicular traffic [By-law 93-93, 11. (4)]
  • Stay off sidewalks unless both bicycle wheels are less than 50 cm (24 in) or the sidewalk is designated as a multi-use path
  • Motor assisted bicycles and e-bikes cannot use any sidewalk or multi‑use trail [By-law 93-93, 10. (1)]
  • Cyclists must walk across a pedestrian crosswalk [H.T.A. 140(1), 144(29)]
  • Stop for red lights and stop signs [H.T.A. 144]
  • Stop for stopped school buses when the red lights are flashing [H.T.A. 175 (12.)]
  • Travel according to the designated direction on one‑way streets [H.T.A. 153]
  • Comply with all other posted traffic signs
  • Use hand signals to indicate turns or lane changes including taking the lane [H.T.A. 142 (1.)]